Tuesday, May 13, 2014

Israeli Arrested on U.S.- Charges of Illegal Export of Military Items to Iran

Los Angeles Times
May 12, 2014
Link

An Israeli citizen suspected of illegal trade with Iran and money laundering was arrested Monday at the request of American authorities, justice officials in Israel said.

According to a statement from Israel’s Justice Ministry, U.S. officials filed a request to arrest the 64-year-old Israeli in March, with plans to seek the man’s extradition.

Israeli authorities described the man only as an Israeli citizen born in 1950 and residing in central Israel. He was arrested at Ben-Gurion airport on his way out of the country.

The international affairs division of the attorney general’s office asked the Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court to remand the man for 20 days, but the court ordered him held for 48 hours.

Thursday, May 8, 2014

Vietnam Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation

US Department of State
May 8, 2014
Link

On May 8, 2014, President Obama submitted to Congress for its review an Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy.

Upon entry into force, following the statutorily required Congressional review, the Agreement (also called a 123 Agreement after the relevant section of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act) will establish the legal framework for the United States to engage in civil nuclear cooperation with Vietnam under agreed nonproliferation conditions and controls.

This Agreement reflects the strength and breadth of the U.S.-Vietnam Comprehensive Partnership, which President Obama and Vietnamese President Sang launched in July 2013 in Washington, DC. The Agreement will establish a firm foundation for mutually beneficial cooperation in civil nuclear energy and will support Vietnam’s aspirations for a peaceful nuclear energy program with the highest standards of safety, nonproliferation safeguards, and security.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

MTCR: Is Turkey Planning to Bypass Global Ammunition Regime?

Hurriyet
April 29, 2014
Link

Western diplomats and military officials remain puzzled over remarks by a Turkish minister that Turkey is set out to produce unspecified types of ammunition and thus circumvent foreign suppliers’ potential sales blockades.

In a recent speech, Science, Industry and Technology Minister Fikri Işık said Turkey would launch a “national” factory this year to produce its own “warheads, airplane bombs and plastic explosives.”
He said the new factory would end Turkey’s dependence on foreign suppliers of this type of ammunition. 

The proposed production facility would be located adjacent to another ammunition factory operated by state-controlled weapons manufacturer MKE in the Central Anatolian province of Kırıkkale. It will produce 600 tons of plastic explosives, Işık said. “The special production equipment used in ammunition factories are subject to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and buyers need permission from the producing countries to obtain these materials,” Işık said. “According to the international treaties Turkey is a signatory to, we have had to obtain export licenses from the supplier company’s country to meet our requirements for warheads and bombs. And we failed to meet our needs if the country in question did not allow its manufacturer. We aim to end this [problem] by producing [those items] ourselves.”

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Significant Amendments to Canadian Export and Technology Transfer Controls

McCarthy Tetrault
By: John W. BoscariolApril 24, 2014
Link

The Canadian government has announced that effective May 22, 2014 a new version of the Guide to Canada’s Export Controls will come into force. The current version of the Guide is being amended to reflect changes in Canada’s commitments under multilateral export control regimes. There are over 250 amendments adding, deleting and clarifying goods and technology subject to export control and permit requirements. Canadian companies that export or engage in any software or technology transfers from Canada should be carefully reviewing the amendments to ensure they are compliant and availing themselves of any applicable de-controls when the new Guide comes into force.
The April 23, 2014 Canada Gazette Part II publication of these regulatory amendments can be found here. The modifications, additions and deletions were made to the Guide in accordance with changes to the multilateral export control regimes under the Wassenaar Arrangement, the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the Missile Technology Control Regime, and the Australia Group. The new Guide will reflect the changes to these control regimes up to December 2012.
These changes will impact goods and technology throughout most of the categories set out in the Guide and include revisions to commercial dual-use (including encryption, telecommunications and electronic items), military and aerospace, missile technology, and chemical and biological weapons-related items. The Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development’s Export Controls Division has published a detailed list of the affected items.

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Cloud Services and Export Control: What You Don't Know Can Hurt You

Lexology
White & Case LLP
By: Trevor Nagel and Robert E. L. Hasty
April 17, 2014
Link

Cloud services in all forms are becoming widely adopted by enterprise customers. Public, private and hybrid cloud service offerings continue to grow in number and nature. Companies are migrating to Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) offerings in areas such as workforce automation, email and office productivity suites.

A key driver of the value captured by a cloud architecture, and a distinction from a set of virtualized servers, is that cloud service providers (CSPs) constantly move, and even divide, customers' processing and data to and among servers in different data centers. This is undertaken in a way that is imperceptible and unknown to users. CSPs gain efficiencies as a result of load balancing or arbitraging lower prices for input costs such as electricity prices by "following the sun" every the day, relocating processing and storage to stay in night time.

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

New Age X-Ray Machine Can Detect Small Quantities Of Nuclear Material And Help Prevent Illegal Trafficking

International Science Times
April 15, 2014
Link

A major concern for national and international security agencies all over the world is to safeguarding nuclear material and preventing it from falling into the wrong hands. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the possibility of terrorist organizations using nuclear weapons by acquiring critical quantities of plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU) to construct a crude nuclear explosive device, is the greatest threat to nuclear security. The IAEA also states that illegal trafficking of small quantities of nuclear material is highly possible since they are difficult to detect.

But now a joint research team from the University of Texas at Austin (UT) and the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), has come up with a special algorithm, which when coupled with conventional, commercially available spectral X-ray detectors can improve the detection of uranium and plutonium in small, layered objects such as baggage. This method with its superior X-ray imaging can be used effectively to detect and prevent illegal transport of nuclear materials, according to a press release Tuesday.

Nigeria Planning Country's First Nuclear Power Plant

Huffington Post
April 15, 2014
Link
By: John Daly

Nigeria is the largest oil producer in Africa and is currently the world's 12th largest oil producer, pumping 2.25 million barrels per day. Nigeria in 2012 was also the world's fourth leading exporter of LNG.

According to the U.S. government's Energy Information Administration, "Nigeria has one of the lowest net electricity generation per capita rates in the world. Electricity generation falls short of demand, resulting in load shedding, blackouts and a reliance on private generators. Nigeria is in the process of privatizing the state-owned Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) in hopes that it will lead to greater investment and increased power generation."

Monday, April 14, 2014

Nuclear Suppliers Group: Nuclear Export Group Debates Ties with Israel

Reuters
April 14, 2014
Link

The United States and three European allies want a global body controlling nuclear exports to consider whether to establish closer ties with non-members including Israel, despite its assumed atomic arsenal, a confidential document showed.

The issue is sensitive as Israel is outside a 1970 international pact designed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and the Jewish state is widely believed to be the only country with such arms in the volatile Middle East.

Arab states and Iran often criticize Israel for not signing up to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Israel and Washington say it is Iran, which is in the 189-nation NPT, that poses the region's most urgent proliferation threat, although Tehran says its program is for peaceful uses only.

Monday, April 7, 2014

Chinese Man, Iran Firms Charged in Nuclear Export Case - Pressure Transducers

Bloomberg
April 4, 2014
Link

A Chinese national and two Iranian firms were charged in the U.S. with conspiring to export devices that can be used in uranium enrichment, the second case revealed this week in a Justice Department crackdown on the proliferation of restricted technology.

Sihai Cheng was arrested Feb. 7 while traveling in the U.K., the U.S. said today in a statement. He is being held there pending a June hearing on extradition to face charges in Boston.

Iran is among countries including Pakistan and China being aided by networks of people to evade U.S. trade embargoes and obtain parts with military uses or restricted technology. More than 100 people have been charged with exporting such items to Iran since the U.S. began a crackdown in 2007.

Friday, April 4, 2014

Japan to Export Nuclear Technology to Turkey, UAE After Parliamentary Holdup

Shanghai Daily
April 4, 2014
Link

Japan's lower house of parliament on Friday passed two nuclear treaties with Turkey and the United Arab Emirates (UEA) to allow Japan to begin exporting its nuclear power technology and related equipment to both countries.

The ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), its coalition New Komeito ally and the main opposition Democratic Party of Japan ( DPJ) voted to pass the treaties, which could come into effect as early as May.

Under the agreement, Japan will be able to export its nuclear power-related technology and infrastructure to both Turkey and the UAE -- the deal with the two countries was originally made by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe when he visited the two countries last May.

Parliamentary deliberations on the treaties failed last fall, as anti-nuclear sentiment was rife in the wake of the 2011 nuclear meltdowns at the Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima Prefecture, the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl in 1986, and were postponed until the current Diet regular session.

The DPJ opted to back the treaties and break the deadlock as the opposition party was "pro-nuclear exports" when it was in power prior to falling to the LDP in December 2012.

Japan has nuclear treaties with 11 countries and is currently eyeing wrapping up similar deals with Brazil and India.

Japan to Export Nuclear Technology to the Middle East (UAE and Turkey)

Japan Daily Press
April 4, 2014
Link

While the local industry is still floundering after the 2011 Fukushima meltdown, Japanese nuclear power is now on its way to Middle East. Nuclear power plant materials and technologies needed to construct a power plant are heading to Turkey and the United Arab Emirates soon after nuclear power agreement bills are passed on a parliament session. Turkey has sought Japan’s nuclear technology during Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s visit to the country last May to help meet the increasing demand of electricity in their country.
While at a lower house plenary session, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, along with its junior coalition partner New Komeito and the opposition Democratic Party of Japan all voted for the bills, which do not require upper house approval anymore as the lower house holds precedence on approving treaties. A nuclear cooperation pact is required before the transfer of knowledge and equipment to avoid illegal distribution and spreading to third parties, who might use it beyond civilian use.
The Diet approval of the nuclear agreements is the first for Abe’s administration since he came to power in 2012. Japanese firms are expected to receive more foreign businesses as an effect of the agreement. Abe’s government is already negotiating nuclear cooperation pacts with South Africa, Saudi Arabia, India and Brazil, in hopes of making nuclear exports a key growth driver in the country’s economy. Similar pacts have been signed with the United States, United Kingdom, China, Russia and South Korea in the past.

Thursday, April 3, 2014

Three Men Indicted for Smuggling WMD Technology to Pakistan (Optima Plus International, and Afro Asian International)

Bloomberg Businessweek
April 2, 2014
Link

A former Pennsylvania resident and two Pakistani nationals were indicted by a federal grand jury for smuggling technology to Pakistan, highlighting the U.S. Justice Department’s focus on illegal exports that might be used for weapons of mass destruction.

The men used two corporations, Optima Plus International, and Afro Asian International to export “dual-use” items, with both commercial and military or nuclear applications, for resale to the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, an arm of the Pakistani army, prosecutors said.

The U.S. has been cracking down on the use of personal networks to evade export restrictions on dual-use goods destined for countries including Pakistan and Iran. U.S. export licenses are required for such items because they can be used as nuclear weapons detonators, according to the Justice Department.

Friday, March 14, 2014

Location Leaves Brunei Open to Nuclear Material Smuggling

The Brunei Times
February 14, 2014
Link

Brunei’s strategic location in Borneo could leave the country open to nuclear material smuggling and therefore accidents or criminal incidents, said a visiting expert on nuclear security.

Andrea Cavina said this threat existed even though Brunei did not conduct nuclear research or dispose of radioactive waste.

Cavina is one of three speakers from the United Nations Inter-Regional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) invited to speak at the two-day National Action Plan workshop, which started yesterday.

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Iran and Russia Discuss New Nuclear Deal- 2 New Power Stations

Al Jazeera
March 12, 2014
Link

Iran and Russia have discussed a draft agreement to build at least two nuclear power stations in the Islamic Republic, Iran's official news agency reported.

Visiting Russian official Nikolai Spassky and Iranian nuclear officials reached an initial agreement on Wednesday about the facilities, IRNA said.

"Iran and Russia reached a preliminary agreement to build at least two new nuclear power plants," Iranian Atomic Energy Organisation spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi told the news agency.

Facebook Share